5 rare diseases that we should know

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There are five rare diseases that we should all know. They are strange because they affect one of at least every two thousand people. They are accompanied by chronic pain and decreased ability of a person to fend for themselves. They are not usually contagious, but usually affect more than one organ, they are chronic and degenerative.

There are about seven thousand so-called rare pathologies: Hutchinson-Gilford progeny syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Moebius syndrome, hemophilia, and cystic fibrosis.

HutchinsonGilford progeria syndrome

This is a very rare genetic disease. It is characterized by premature aging that begins at age two, and does not affect motor development or intelligence. The life expectancy of children usually does not exceed 13 years, although some may live up to 20 years. Most children who suffer from it die from strokes or heart problems. It has no cure, but there is hope about its treatment.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

This type of sclerosis is a neurodegenerative condition. It affects the neurons that control the movements of the muscles involved in the functions of speaking, chewing, and eating. Unable to function, these muscles degrade and atrophy. It is neurodegenerative, and there is no known cure or treatment.

Moebius syndrome

Moebius syndrome is characterized by incorrect development of the sixth and seventh cranial nerves. The consequence is facial and also muscle paralysis of the eye, but it can appear in other parts of the body. It causes difficulty swallowing, excessive drooling, absence of the eyelid, short or deformed tongue, and problems in the teeth. Its main affectation is the lack of facial expression.


Hemophilia is a disease in which the blood does not lump properly. People who suffer from it bleed more than usual. In the absence of adequate coagulation, blood vessels cannot be blocked. Nor can you reduce bleeding. Treatment consists of replenishing the amount of blood lost through intravenous routes. It is important to inform the doctor if you suffer from this pathology before surgery. In severe cases, internal bleeding may occur without apparent cause.

Cystic fibrosis

This is a life-threatening disease. It is more frequent in children than in adults. It is characterized by accumulating thick and sticky mucus in the lungs and other parts of the body such as the pancreas. It is caused by a defective gene that causes the body to produce that thick, sticky fluid. Early diagnosis and good treatment can increase survival and quality of life. It is vital to control and monitor the development of this disease.

These 5 rare diseases that we should know can affect anyone. Prevention, through regular visits to the doctor, can help you to early detection.